Administrator on June 4th, 2010
Abdullah bin Abī Quhāfah, (c. 573 CE – 23 August 634/13 AH), better known as Abu Bakr Siddique or Sadiq Akbar (May Allah be pleased with him) holds unrivalled status in the Islamic tradition. References are made about him in the Holy Qur’an and ahadith of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) are full of his praises. He was always a very close Companion of the Holy Prophet, he knew him better than any other man. He was indeed the first adult male to accept Islam.
When Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleased with him) heard that Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam had declared his prophethood, he showed no hesitation or asked any questions, he at once became a Muslim. He submitted to Islam with such determination that once the Holy Prophet himself remarked, “I called people to Islam, everybody thought over it, at least for a while, but this was not the case with Abu Bakr, the moment I put Islam before him, he accepted it without any hesitation”. He was titled “As-Siddique” (meaning, the truthful) by the Prophet because his faith was unshakable.
From Sahih Al-Bukhari: Ibn Abbas reports: “The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) came out of his home during the last days of his earthly life his head bound with a cloth. He sat on the minbar, gloried Allah, praised Him, thanked Him and said: “There is no one among the people who has been more generous to me with his life and his property than Abu Bakr ibn Abi Quhaafa and if I was to take a bosom friend, I would take Abu Bakr as my bosom friend. But, the friendship of Islam is better. Block off every door in this Masjid except the door of Abu Bakr.”
Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him) was chosen by the Prophet to be his successor in his life-time as he was honoured to be the Imam and leader of the Muslims during the last illness of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), when the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was himself physically too week to lead the prayers. Abu Bakr Siddique (may Allah be pleased with him) then lead all the companions in prayer. The Prophet said : “It is impermissible for a people among whom is Abu Bakr, to be led by other than him.”
When Sadiq Akbar (may Allah be pleased with him) assumed the role of khalif he said: “Help me, if I am in the right; set me right, if I am in the wrong. The weak among you shall be strong with me until, God willing, his rights have been vindicated. The strong among you shall be weak with me until, if God wills, I have taken what is due from him. Obey me as long as I obey Allah and His Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him); when I disobey Him and his Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), obey me not.” – These are remarkable words and guidelines for all in positions of authority.
The Companions of the Prophet (May Allah be pleased with all of them) were well aware of who were the elevated status of first few Companions in closeness to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and the first four successors to the Prophet, the Rightly-Guided Khalifas were chosen on that basis. From Sahih Al-Bukhari, Ibn Umar reports: We used to discuss the best of the people during the time of the Prophet (sas) and we saw the best as Abu Bakr, then Umar, then Uthman ibn Affaan, may Allah be pleased with them all.
Allah Exalted had given Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (May Allah be pleased with him) a heart full of love and affection for the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). After the advent of Islam, he dedicated his life and his wealth for the cause of Islam and the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). Hazard Abu Bakr Siddiqique (May Allah be pleased with him) always remained by the side of the Prophet of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) whether in Mecca, or on the journey to Madina or in Madina. He was with the Prophet in the cave of Thur where the two spent almost 3 days and nights, he was with him in all the battles and even today both are laid to rest side by side under the same roof of the holy shrine of the Prophet, Gunbad-e-Hadra.
His virtues and merits are innumerable and cannot all be set out in this post. We only wish to mark the day of his passing away from this physical world by encouraging Muslims and other interested people to learn about this greatest man, after all the prophets of Allah (peace be upon all of them), grace this earth. Hazrat Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him) returned to Allah on a Monday on the 22 of Jumada’l-akhira (also known as Jumada al-Thani), 13 A.H. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) once said to him: “Abu Bakr, you will be the first of my people to enter paradise.” May Allah raise all the Muslims amongst the company of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and Siddique Akbar and ahl-e-bait and the companions (may Allah be pleased with all of them) on the day of Judgment.
Every aspect of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique (may Allah be pleased with him) is wroth writing in gold but it is his tremendous love for the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) that has no parallel. He really showed the Muslims what their relationship with their Prophet should be and all Muslims aspire to follow in the footsteps of Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleased with him) in order to draw closer of the mercy to all the worlds, the Apostle of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).
Sayings of Abu Bakr, Radi-Allahu anhu include:
1. No speech is good if it is not directed toward the pleasure of Allah. There is no benefit from money if it isn’t spent in the cause of Allah. There is no good in a person if his ignorance overcomes his patience. And if a person becomes attracted by the charms of this lower world, Allah will dislike him as long as he keeps this in his heart.
2. We have found generosity in Taqwa (God-consciousness), richness in Yaqin (certainty), and honour in humbleness.
3. Beware of pride because you will be returning to the earth and your body will be eaten up by the worms.
4. Always fear Allah; He knows what is in men’s hearts.
5. Be sincere to all with whom you deal.
6. Give up cowardice and dishonesty.
7. Give up bad company.
Some non-Muslims pay homage to Abu Bakr in the following words:
Edward Gibbon wrote about Abu Bakr as:
The moderation, and the veracity of Abu Bakr confirmed the new religion, and furnished an example for invitation. [Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire]
William Muir states that:
Abu Bakr’s judgment was sound and impartial; his conversation agreeable and his demeanor affable and much sought after by the Quraysh and he was popular throughout the city…. The faith of Abu Bakr was the greatest guarantee of Muhammad’s sincerity in the beginning of his career, and indeed, in a modified sense, throughout his life. To have such a person as a staunch adherent of his claim, was for Muhammad a most important step. [Life of Muhammad]
Jalal-ud-Din Rumi in his famous Mathnavi states:
“The moon traverses the constellations of the zodiac in a single night,
so why do you deny the mi`raj (Ascension)?
That wondrous, unique Pearl (the Prophet) is like a hundred moons
–for when he made one gesture, the moon was split in two.
And the marvel that he displayed in splitting the moon
was in keeping with the weakness of the creatures’ perception.
The work and business of the prophets and messengers
is beyond the spheres and the stars.
Transcend the spheres and their revolution!
Then you will see that work and business.”